Wednesday, 7 April 2021

Conditional Operator in C

Conditional operator is a Ternary operator available in list of operators in the C language. It requires three operands. Conditional statements are used to make decision based upon condition. Ternary operator requires two special symbols (‘?’ and ‘:’) to express it.

The program execution of conditional operator is just like if-else conditional statement.

Syntax of conditional operator

Expression 1? Expression 2: Expression 3;

Working of Ternary Operator

As in Expression 1? Expression 2:  Expression3. Expression 1 is the Boolean expression. If Expression1 evaluates to 0 which is a Boolean expression then that simply means FALSE and if the Expression1 evaluates to 1 this simply means TRUE therefore Expression3 or Expression2 will get evaluated based on Expression1.

For example


int main ()


    int a, c;

    printf("Enter the number  ");

    scanf("%d", &a);

    c = (a>5) ? printf("True") : printf("False");



Tuesday, 30 March 2021

String Format in Python

Formatting string enables the capability to add dynamic content or string to it in an easy way. It allows to update contents in a string in simpler way.

String Format using format () method

Syntax: template_string.format(positional_args, keyword_args) 

The template string contains the replacement fields which can be replaced using the positional_args and keyword_args used in the method. The method returns the formatted string.

In the template string, the replacements fields are enclosed within curly braces “{  }”. Rest of the string content remains unchanged.

Using positional arguments

print('{0} {1} the {2} nicely'.format('This', 'formats', 'string'))


Here, <template_string> is '{0} {1} the {2} nicely'. The replacement fields are {0}, {1}, and {2} with zero-based positional arguments 'This', 'formats', 'string'. The replacements fields are replaced with the corresponding positional arguments by the format method.


Using keyword arguments

print('{name} is {age} years old'.format(name='Python', age= 30))


Here, the replacement fields are {name}, {age}and the corresponding keyword arguments with values. Each fields are replaced with corresponding keyword argument values.

Lambda Function in Python


Lambda Function

Lambda function is a function, which is defined without a name (anonymous). Hence, named as anonymous function. Lambda function is defined using the keyword lambda that’s why it also called as lambda function.

Lambda functions are syntactically restricted to a single expression. However, can have multiple arguments separated with commas. Semantically, lambda functions are just syntactic sugar for a normal function definition. Lambda functions can be used wherever function objects are required.


Using lambda function

syntax- lambda args: expression

pow = lambda x: x**2


Here, x is the argument to the lambda function and x**2 is the expression which gets assigned to the variable ”pow” after evaluation. 

Notice, the lambda function has no name and doesn’t contain any parentheses unlike normal function.

The above lambda function is similar to:

def pow(x):

    return x**2